So much has changed since the Great War, yet so much is still the same. The systems and institutions of power have changed, but powers stays the same. Empire itself has begun to seem unattractive; an unfair and, more importantly, unsustainable political structure. The great empires that have risen in the last two hundred years have begun to realise that co-operation, even if it is blatantly unbalanced and favours the imperial power, is significantly more effective and sustainable than the imperial authoritarianism of old. Thus, a series of new international organizations have risen in place of those old empires: The French Community, the Commonwealth Realm and the Kiev Treaty Union are all examples of great powers attempting to create systems of control that seem more equitable and fair to their members. This development was, of course, not something the great powers of the world chose or particularly desired. The French were facing widespread political unrest across their African holdings, from the Malagasy Uprising in Madagascar to the Burkinabe revolts in the Upper Volta, it simply became unprofitable and difficult for the French to maintain the tight grip they had had on their colonies, and so a decision was made to reform the French Colonial Empire into the new French Community (Communauté française
). The Kiev Treaty Union (Kiev Vertragsabkommenwas
) was founded after the Eurasian War, as Germany sought to establish hegemony over Eastern Europe after the fall of the Soviet Union, and the Commonwealth of Nations, the oldest of the three, became what it is today after the London Declaration of 1955, granting independence to Ghana, Sierra Leone, Nigeria and Rhodesia-Nyasaland, while also extending the organization to include old puppet regimes of the British such as Egypt or Oman, as well as the old Dominions such as Canada, South Africa and Australia.
The last 25 years can be summarized by three major geopolitical events: The Chinese Civil War, the Eurasian War of 1952, and lastly, the decolonisation of India and Africa.
The Chinese Civil War, beginning in 1927 when the Communist Party of China (CPC) split with the Kuomintang (KMT), was the first of these four events, and was a large part of the reason for the eventual war between Germany and the USSR, given their conflicting interests in China. While some parts of China that broke away during the war, namely Gansu, Yue and Shandong have since reunited with the Republic, massive parts of Sun Yat-sen's Republic of China remain fiercely independent, or part of other nations that they would prefer. These regions include the Kingdom of Tibet, once supported by the British but very much an independent nation today, the State of Mongolia, a Soviet protectorate up until the collapse of the old USSR, the Zhuang people of southern China, who have found a new home amongst their Tai brethren in the Tai Empire, the Dzunghar-Kazakh and Uyghur Republics, both of which were once part of the Soviet protectorate of East Turkestan that collapsed as the USSR disappeared. Lastly there is Manchukuo, the Japanese puppet-regime that fell when the Soviets pushed Japan out of mainland Asia in the Great War, but was re-created as a result of the Eurasian War as Japan invaded the People's Republic of Manchuria, under the control of the remnants of the Communist Party of China.
The next major event to take place was the Eurasian War, which can be read about here:
Lasting from 1952 to 1955, the Eurasian War is generally considered the second "Great War" of the 21st century. Resulting in even larger territorial changes than the Great War of 1914, the Eurasian War directly shaped most of the Europe and Asia we see today. With the collapse of the Soviet Union and the independence of the many nations that it contained, a brand new geopolitical landscape has emerged in the region. Eastern Europe has seen an unprecedented German dominance with the new Kiev Treaty Union, uniting the former Soviet nations of Ukraine, Livonia and Belarus uniting several other eastern european countries (Romania, Bulgaria, Hungary, Slovakia, and the former German protectorates of Slovenia, Czechia and Poland) into one economic, military and political union, dominated by Germany. The new nations in Central Asia and the Caucasus suffers widespread political unrest, with at least one country, the Caspian Federation, locked in a full blown civil war. The great powers of the world are closely eyeing these two regions, trying to figure out who would be best to quitely support. The Japanese also managed to benefit from the war; establishing two puppet-states in the former Russian Far-East, the Amur and Kamchatka Republics, and re-establishing their former Manchurian puppet of Manchukuo.
Lastly, there is the decoloisation of India and ongoing decolonisation of Africa and elsewhere. While there had been successful post-Great War independence movements earlier, notably those in Jammu-Kashmir and Balochistan, the modern decolonisation movement really began with the Sikh and Hindi rebellions of the late 40's. The success of these rebellions first lead to several other independence movements in British India, and eventually the Indian Civil War of 1953-1959. The decolonisation of India is looked upon as one of the messiest and violent affairs of the post-Great War world, and is usually split into two phases: the first phase when the British had clearly lost control of the subcontinent and the conflict shifted from being mainly against the British to the different rebel groups fighting eachother, and the second phase when infighting within the soon-to-be nations began to cease, gearing the conflict more towards a conventional war between countries, rather than a civil war. The second phase would see Gujarat and Odia officially split from Hindustan, Assam unite into a single federation and the Pashto invasion of Afghanistan in an attempt to unite the Pashtun lands. The new nations of India are still heavily scarred from the war, but are in the process of rebuilding and mending the relationships between their former enemies.
The collapse of British power in India and a general push for local autonomy across the colonies lead the British to sign the aforementioned London Declaration of 1955. The Declaration ensured the independence of most of British territories in Africa, excluding Somaliland, Kenya and Uganda. These new nations generally fall into two categories: those with stable yet oppressive regimes, and those without stable regimes at all. Ghana and Sierra Leone are both on the brink of civil war, and Nigeria, while it has managed to consolidate power into a single unified state, still faces large-scale unrest in the northern and south-eastern parts of the country. South Africa and the Rhodesia-Nyasaland Federation (RNF) are both run by highly oppressive and racist regimes that discriminate against the native black populations, withholding the right to vote and generally treating them as second-class citizens. In the former british territory of Palestine, the new Protectorate of Israel has been founded in the north-western, highly jewish parts of the region, while the rest governed by the independent, but highly influenced by Britain, State of Palestine.
In the Americas, the United States has continued to expand its influence into Central America and the Carribean, directly or indirectly overthrowing the governments of Honduras, Guatemala, El Salvador, Nicaragua and Cuba. They also sponsored the Dominican invasion and eventual annexation of Haiti in 1952, and supported and de-facto established the Aztlán Republic in northern Mexico.